13. October, 2019Sermon Notes No comments


Scripture: Luke 15:11-32

11 Jesus continued: “There was a man who had two sons. 12 The younger one said to his father, ‘Father, give me my share of the estate.’ So he divided his property between them. 13 “Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14 After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16 He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything. 17 “When he came to his senses, he said, ‘How many of my father’s hired servants have food to spare, and here I am starving to death! 18 I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired servants.’ 20 So he got up and went to his father. “But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him. 21 “The son said to him, ‘Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.’ 22 “But the father said to his servants, ‘Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23 Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let’s have a feast and celebrate. 24 For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.’ So they began to celebrate. 25 “Meanwhile, the older son was in the field. When he came near the house, he heard music and dancing. 26 So he called one of the servants and asked him what was going on. 27 ‘Your brother has come,’ he replied, ‘and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.’ 28 “The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29 But he answered his father, ‘Look! All these years I’ve been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30 But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!’ 31 “‘My son,’ the father said, ‘you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.’”


1. The Self-Centred Younger Son (vv.11-19)

A. His Attitude: “Give Me, Give Me” (v.11)
  • Entitlement Attitude
  • Vocabulary: “I”, “Me”, “Myself”
B. His Philosophy: “Eat, Drink & Be Merry” (v.13)
  • Epicurean: Pleasure is the highest good
  • Prodigal: “Water” of gifts and resources
C. His Downfall: Broke & Humiliated (vv.14-16)
  • From his height of wealth
  • Reduced to a destitute
  • Broken and humiliated state, he came to his senses (vv.17-19)
  • Learn from the prodigal son:
    • His prayer of true repentance: sin toward God, sin toward his earthly father
    • his change of heart: resulting in his desired action


2. The Self-Righteous Older Son (vv.25, 28-32)

A. His Attitude: Mean and Loveless (vv.25, 28-30)

Revealed when:

  • Addressing his younger brother as “this son of yours”
  • Highlighting his younger brother’s life of sin – “squandered your property with prostitutes”

God’s Grace = we receive what we do not deserve: forgiveness, salvation, eternal life.

God’s Mercy = we do not receive what we deserve: punishment, condemnation and hell.

B. His Philosophy: No 2nd Chance to His Younger Brother

Would not:

  • Acknowledge his younger brother
  • Celebrate his return to the family

His resentment and unforgiving attitude led this elder brother to:

  • Make foolish and pointless accusations towards his father’s treatment (v.29)
  • Blinded to his actual portion (v.31)
  • Show no joy on the current condition of his younger brother (v.32)


3. The Benevolent Father (vv.20-24)

A. His Stubborn Love

The father’s longing for the prodigal son’s return is filled with:

  • Hope
  • Optimism
  • Compassionate Love
  • A love that waits for his son’s return

Claim and believe God’s Promise for our unsaved loved ones!

“They replied: “Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved—you and your household.” (Acts 16:31)

19 Brethren, if anyone among you wanders from the truth, and someone turns him back, 20 let him know that he who turns a sinner from the error of his way will save a soul from death and cover a multitude of sins.” (James 5:19-20)

B. His Restoring Love
  • Throws a grand dinner celebration
  • Gives him:
    • The best robe = honour
    • The ring = authority
    • Sandals / shoes = status as a son
  • The father made a declaration of joy (v.24)
  • Likewise our Heavenly Father rejoices (Luke 15:7)

I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents … (Luke 15:7)



By: Rev. Maureen Seow


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